Rehab Cell

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Tag: animation

Kidney Function – Counter current Mechanism [Animation]

Kidney Function – Counter current Mechanism [Animation]

One of the primary functions of the Kidney is better understood at the level of the nephron Informing urine the net to remove metabolic wastes from Blood while regulating the volume and composition of body fluids Urine formation begins in the renal corpuscle where blood passing through the glomerulus is filtered Filtrates include water ions […]

Joker & Harley – Couples Therapy (Suicide Squad) – TOON SANDWICH

[THERAPIST] So you feel that there are aspects of your relationship you can improve upon? [THERAPIST] Well, that’s what couples therapy is all about. I suggested electroshock therapy, but whatever. Sometimes I feel like the affection is a little one-sided. Well I could certainly use some more affection. I meant the other side. Oh, what […]

The truth about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) – Helen M. Farrell

The truth about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) – Helen M. Farrell

In 1982, a young nurse was suffering from severe, unrelenting depression. She couldn’t work, socialize, or even concentrate well enough to read the newspaper. One treatment changed everything. After two courses of electroconvulsive therapy, or ECT, her symptoms lifted. She went back to work, then on to graduate school, where she earned high grades. At […]

Pediatrics – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: By Daniel Fung M.D.

Pediatrics – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: By Daniel Fung M.D.

We have all seen children who at times are hyperactive – racing around our offices, in the grocery store or on the street outside. But how do we as clinicians know that a patient in front of us has ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder? Here are a few things that you must know about […]

Nephrology – Generalized Edema: By Timothy Yau M.D. and Michael Connor M.D.

Edema refers to soft tissue swelling that results from the expansion of interstitial fluid volume. Edema can be focal, as a result of a local process such as inflammation or thrombosis, but generalized edema is usually a result of underlying cardiac, kidney, or liver diseases. When edema becomes severe and widespread, it is termed anasarca. […]

Acute Renal Failure: How to approach ARF in 4 minutes with Robert Bell M.D.

What do you do when a serum creatinine value from a patient you see in the ER is elevated? Diagnosis of ARF usually requires an acute rise in serum creatinine representing a fall in GFR, often with a decrease in urine output to less than 500 ml per day (oliguria). First, decide if low GFR […]

Nephrology – Proteinuria: By Manish Suneja M.D.

Nephrology – Proteinuria: By Manish Suneja M.D.

Proteinuria occurs when urinary excretion of protein is abnormally high (>150mg/day). It is important to distinguish transient and persistent proteinuria as it helps us to distinguish benign, self-limiting etiologies from more significant illnesses. In fact the presence of proteinuria for more than three months with or without a decrease in glomerular filtration rate is diagnostic […]

Nephrology – Chronic Kidney Disease: By Steven Cheng M.D.

Nephrology – Chronic Kidney Disease: By Steven Cheng M.D.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is caused by a wide variety of pathologic processes, including diabetes, hypertension, and autoimmune diseases. The stages of CKD, from stage 1 to stage 5, reflect progressive loss of function as quantified by the glomerular filtration rate or GFR. GFR is commonly estimated using serum creatinine levels, which increase as renal […]