Rehab Cell

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Tag: Nursing school (organization)

Cocaine Dependence – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Cocaine Dependence – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Cocaine, sometimes called coke, is a powerful psychoactive stimulant that alters how the brain functions – specifically how we perceive our surroundings. Cocaine comes from the leaves of the South American coca plant, and has been used for over a thousand years. In modern times, it’s become a popular “party drug” because cocaine reduces inhibitions […]

Fabry disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Fabry disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Fabry disease is a rare X-linked condition caused by mutations or pathogenic variants in the GLA gene that codes for a lysosomal enzyme called alpha galactosidase A or alpha-gal A. The alpha-gal enzyme normally breaks down large molecules called globotriaosylceramide or GL3 and other glycosphingolipids, so that small parts of the big molecules can be […]

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – causes, symptoms & treatment

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – causes, symptoms & treatment

Say you’ve got a huge presentation in front of all your colleagues; you’re nervous, you’ve got quite a bit of stress leading up to the presentation. That stress is completely normal, and really—probably useful in certain situations since it can make you more alert and careful. After the presentation’s over you feel the stress start […]

Placenta previa – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Placenta previa means “placenta first,” because the placenta is the first thing within the uterine cavity. In this condition, the placenta implants in the lower uterus, close to or even covering the uterine opening, called the internal cervical os, and it can therefore easily bleed, which usually happens after 20 weeks of gestation. Normally the […]

Brown-Séquard syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Brown-Séquard syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Brown-Sequard syndrome, first described by the physiologist Charles-Edouard Brown-Sequard, is a condition associated with hemisection or damage to one half of the spinal cord. The hemisection damages neural tracts in the spinal cord that carry information to and from the brain. This results in a loss of sensations like pain, temperature, touch, as well as […]

Narcolepsy – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Narcolepsy – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

At one time or another you’ve probably had to force yourself to stay awake, maybe while driving or when you’re in a looong lecture. In these situations, you were exerting control over your sleep-wake cycles. Narcolepsy is a disorder in which individuals lose the ability to regulate these sleep-wake cycles, so the normal boundary between […]

Chronic kidney disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Chronic kidney disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Chronic kidney disease is a broad term that includes subtle decreases in kidney function that develop over a minimum of three months. In contrast, acute kidney injury refers to any deterioration in kidney function that happens in less than three months. Now the kidney’s job is to regulate what’s in the blood, so they might […]

Huntington disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Huntington disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Huntington disease, or HD, is a rare neurodegenerative disease that involves a repeated sequence of DNA that causes an […]

Pleural Effusion – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Pleural Effusion – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

“Pleural” refers to the space between the chest cavity and the lungs, and “effusion” refers to a collection of fluid, so a pleural effusion is when a disease process causes fluid to start to collect in the pleural space, which can sometimes restrict lung expansion. The pleural cavity or pleural space lies between the parietal […]

Ovarian cyst- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Ovarian cyst- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! “Cyst” comes from kustis, which means “pouch”, so ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs on or in the ovaries. They […]