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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Tag: what is

Lichen planus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Lichen planus – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! With lichen planus, lichen means tree moss and planus refers to flat, and the reason it’s called that, is […]

Aneurysms – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Aneurysms – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! The word aneurysm is based off the Greek word aneurysma, which means “dilation.” And that makes sense because aneurysms […]

Poliomyelitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Poliomyelitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

In poliomyelitis, also called polio, “polio” refers to the poliovirus, which is an enterovirus that invades the intestines, “myel” refers to the spinal cord which is affected in the disease, and -itis refers to inflammation. So poliomyelitis is an enteroviral disease first enters the body through the intestines, but then spreads and causes nerve injury […]

Pneumonia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Pneumonia is an infection in the lung tissue caused by microbes, and the result is inflammation. The inflammation brings water into the lung tissue, and that extra water can make it harder to breathe. During inhalation, air reaches your lungs by traveling down your trachea, then it continues through the bronchi and the bronchioles and […]

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Endometrial cancer – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Endometrial carcinoma, or endometrial cancer, is when malignant or cancer cells arise in the glands of the endometrium, the […]

Parkinson’s disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Parkinson’s disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Parkinson’s disease, which is sometimes called Parkinson disease, Parkinson’s, or PD, is a movement disorder where the dopamine-producing neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain undergo degeneration. Parkinson’s is one of the most common neurological disorders. It’s a progressive, adult-onset disease, and it gets more common with age. Most of the time, there’s no […]

Glaucoma (open-angle, closed-angle, and normal-tension) – pathology, diagnosis, treatment

Glaucoma (open-angle, closed-angle, and normal-tension) – pathology, diagnosis, treatment

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Glaucoma is actually a group of of eye diseases that are usually due to intraocular hypertension, or increased pressure […]

Oxygen free radicals & cellular injury – causes, symptoms & pathology

Oxygen free radicals & cellular injury – causes, symptoms & pathology

So what exactly is a free radical? It’s a chemical species with an unpaired electron in its outer orbit. One example, and probably actually the most well-known example, is oxygen. Normally oxygen’s got the 4 pairs of electrons here, but in a free-radical situation, it might GAIN an extra electron, so now you’ve got this […]

Hypocalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Hypocalcemia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With hypocalcemia, -hypo means below, calc- refers to calcium, and -emia refers to the blood, so hypocalcemia means lower than normal calcium levels in the blood, generally less than 8.5 mg/dL. Now, calcium exists as an ion with a double positive charge – Ca2+ – and it’s the most abundant metal in the human body. […]